A Complete Information about Breast Lumps | by Eliananelson | Jan, 2022


Lumps in the breast are abnormal growths of breast tissue. They can be round or irregular, painful or painless, with or without ulcers, soft or hard, and cancerous or cancerous. Therefore, if you suspect a lump in your breast, you should never delay seeking medical help. It is not advisable to ignore lumps in the breast, as they can grow and cause you discomfort. If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications and your breasts may need to be removed.

Lumps in non-cancerous breasts:-

1- Fibroedema:

Fibroedema is the most common breast tumor in women. In fibroadenoma, there is an abnormal growth of both breast fibroids and glandular fibers. These lumps are usually soft to hard and can move in the breast, not attached to the surrounding breast tissue.

2 Fibrocystic:

Fibrocystic disease of the breast consists of three types of fibers, viz. Abscesses are caused by a breast infection. Sometimes they can be associated with breast ulcers. They are painful and inconvenient.

3 Abscesses:

Abscesses are caused by a breast infection. Sometimes they can be associated with breast ulcers. They are painful and inconvenient. Abscesses are most common in breastfeeding women.

4 Papilloma:

Papillomas are small finger-like structures that grow inside and outside the milk duct. They may be related to leakage in the nipple. This leak can also cause symptoms of bleeding.

5 Cancerous tumors:

Cancer tumors grow faster if they are not painful before. These growths can cause neighboring fibers to grow and be destroyed. They are usually tight and attached to the surrounding or underlying breast tissue. If left untreated, some cancer cells can rupture and travel to different parts of the body, where they can become cancerous.

Symptoms of a breast lump:-

You may experience one of the following symptoms of breast lumps:

1-Sudden enlargement of one breast compared to another.

2-The skin around the nipple and breast area looks like orange peel.

3-An abnormal shift in the position of one or both nipples.

4-Leakage from the nipple can be watery, white with yellow, greenish, brown, and reddish hues. Often red spots are blood-stained in nature and should be reported to a doctor immediately.

5-Acne in the breast tissue in one or both breasts. You may feel pain or heaviness in one or both breasts. Weight loss or loss of appetite. Appearance or feeling of a lump or irregular soft to hard lump in your breast.

Causes and risk factors for breast lumps:-


1- Infection can be caused by infection of the breast tissue through the nipple or by a pre-existing infection in the bloodstream. Armpit infections can also cause infections in your breasts.

2- Inflammation can cause pain or discomfort due to swelling in the breast tissue.

3- A heart attack is an accidental injury or pain to the breasts that can cause an infection or swell in the breast tissue or the formation of a lump.

4- Cancer viruses are certain viruses and bacteria, which can alter breast cells and cause abnormal growth. These include human papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus, bovine leukemia virus, etc. Are included.

Risk Factors:-

Certain factors can increase the risk of breast lumps and breast cancer.

1 Gender:

According to the “International Comparison of Breast Cancer Rates in Women and Men”, women are more likely than men to develop breast lumps due to high levels of estrogen in the body.

2 Obesity:

Being overweight not only increases the risk of breast cancer but also increases the risk of heart disease.

3 A brief history of breast tumors or cancer:

If you have a breast tumor or cancer on the paternal or maternal side or a member of the immediate family, you may be at risk. These tumors have also been found to have a genetic sequence

4 Hormone Transfer Therapy :

Observations of “Common Breast Diseases in Women” suggest that women undergoing hormone replacement therapy after menopause have a higher risk of developing breast lumps, especially those that begin shortly after menopause.

5 Smoking and alcohol

According to a recent study on cigarette smoking as a lifestyle risk factor for breast cancer, smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol are among the factors that increase the risk of breast disease and cancer in women.

Treatment of breast lumps:-

1 Medication:

Depending on the cause of your breast lump, your doctor may prescribe medication to treat your condition.

2 Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy is a broad term used to describe the treatment of a disease or disorder using drugs. Nevertheless, the term is commonly used to refer to the treatment of tumors using drugs. So, if you have lumps in your breasts, these drugs are used to dissolve or reduce their size before any surgery.

3 Radiotherapy:

Radiotherapy uses radiation to destroy the tumor cells to dissolve the tumor or to reduce its size before surgery.

4 Surgery:

The above methods may not treat your breast tumor the same as before, or when cancer is diagnosed, you may need to have surgery to remove the tumor from your breast. In severe cases, complete breast removal may be recommended.

5- Massectomy:

A mastectomy is a procedure in which your breasts are removed, either partially or completely, when no other method can help treat your condition. Sometimes, the lump can even reach your armpits or inner muscles. In such cases, some of these tissues may need to be removed along with the breast

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