How better training and dryland have made swimmers stronger and protected them from injury.
Swimming with poor technique, decreased flexibility or strength may cause an overuse injury.
Training has changed over the years but in my opinion few things have been as impactful as dryland. Strength training and stretching programs improve young swimmers’ overall muscle development, endurance, and athleticism, allowing for better and more consistent stroke mechanics.
Strength training should focus on-
Improving stability of the shoulders (Rotator cuff and scapular muscles)
Thigh muscles and hip muscles to improve kick.
Abdominal muscles and core
Using swimming aids such as pull-buoys or paddles creates gradual resistance in the water- also provides targeted muscle group conditioning.