Reviewed by Dr. Valeria Simone MD (Southlake General Surgery, Texas)
The thyroid gland resembles a butterfly-shaped gland and it is located on the front-low area of the neck. Thyroid located underneath your throat cartilage (Adams Apple), along the front of the windpipe. It has two side lobes, associated with an extension (isthmus) in the center.
If the thyroid is at its normal size you might not be able to feel it. The thyroid has brownish-red color and it is a store of blood vessels. Nevers that help maintain voice quality go through the thyroid.
The thyroid produces and discharges many hormones, altogether known as thyroid hormones. The principal hormone is thyroxine, likewise, called T4. Thyroid hormones act all through the body, regulating metabolism, growth and improvement, and your body temperature. During childhood, appropriate thyroid hormone is vital for brain health.
What are the conditions of the Thyroid?
- Goiter: An overall term for thyroid swelling. Goiters can be innocuous or can state iodine deficiency or a condition related to thyroid irritation called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
- Thyroiditis: Thyroid inflammation is mainly caused by a viral infection or immune system condition. Thyroiditis can cause pain or have no side effects by any means.
- Hyperthyroidism: Excessive production of hormones by the thyroid. Hyperthyroidism is frequently brought about by Graves disease or an overactive thyroid nodule.
- Hypothyroidism: Low production of hormone by the thyroid. Thyroid harm brought about via immune system disease is the most well-known reason for hypothyroidism.
- Graves infection: An immune system condition wherein, overstimulated thyroid, cause hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid Cancer: An exceptional type of disease, thyroid cancer is generally curable. Surgery, radiation, and hormone therapies might be utilized to treat thyroid cancer.
- Thyroid nodule: A small unusual mass or bulge in the thyroid organ. Thyroid knobs are exceptionally common. A very few of them are cancerous. They may produce or discharge excess hormones, causing hyperthyroidism, or cause no issues.
- Thyroid storm: An uncommon type of hyperthyroidism in which exceptionally high thyroid hormone levels cause extreme sickness.
How to test Thyroid?
Our doctor at Southlake General Surgery may recommend the following test to diagnose thyroid:
- Anti-TPO antibodies: In immune system thyroid infection, proteins erroneously attack the thyroid peroxidase enzyme, which is utilized by the thyroid to make thyroid hormones.
- Thyroid ultrasound: A probe is put on the skin of the neck and reflected sound waves can distinguish strange regions of thyroid tissue.
- Thyroid scan: A modest quantity of radioactive iodine is given by mouth to get pictures of the thyroid gland. Radioactive iodine is concentrated inside the thyroid gland.
- Thyroid biopsy: A modest quantity of thyroid tissue is taken out, generally to search for thyroid cancer. Thyroid biopsy is mainly finished with a needle.
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): Emitted by the brain, TSH directs thyroid hormone discharge. A blood test with high TSH shows low degrees of thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism), and low TSH recommends hyperthyroidism.
- T3 and T4 (thyroxine): The essential types of thyroid hormone, examined with a blood test.
- Thyroglobulins: A substance emitted by the thyroid that can be utilized as a marker of thyroid cancer. It is frequently estimated during follow-up in patients with thyroid cancer. An increase in levels demonstrates a repeat of cancer.
- Other imaging tests: If thyroid cancer has blowout (metastasized), tests, for example, CT scans, MRI, or PET scans can help distinguish the degree of spread.
What is the treatment of Thyroid?
- Thyroid Surgery (thyroidectomy): A surgeon eliminates all or part of the thyroid during surgery. Thyroidectomy is performed for conditions like thyroid cancer, goiter, or hyperthyroidism.
- Antithyroid prescriptions: Medications can hinder the overproduction of thyroid hormone in hyperthyroidism. Two regular anti-thyroid drugs are methimazole and propylthiouracil.
- Radioactive iodine: Iodine with radioactivity can be utilized in low portions to test the thyroid gland or pulverize an overactive gland. Bulky dosages can be utilized to pulverize cancer tissue.
For more information on thyroid symptoms, causes, and treatment. Please contact our healthcare expert today at +1 (817) 748–0200 or you can book an appointment online.